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Public Health Special Lecture and Practice I, II

Latest update on 18 September 2019

1. Overview

To learn public health in English. MDGs, post-MDGs (SDGs) and global health including IHR (International Health Regulations) are also explained, but the contents shoule be adjusted depending on the previous knowledge of the participants.

Basically, the lecture is given at the first semester, and the presentation and discussion for the common theme will be done at the second semester.

The overview with plan of the first semester and reference can be obtained as pdf file.

2-1. Plan of lecture at the first semester

The plan listed below only means the topics to be lectured. Some topics may take more than 2 hours, others less than 1 hour.

This class will be done on Thursday, 9:00-12:10 at GSICS Bldg.5, Room 206.

  1. [11 April 2019] "What is public health?" CePH (https://ceph.org/), WHO (About WHO, http://www.who.int/about/what-we-do/global-guardian-of-public-health.pdf; PHE, http://www.who.int/phe/about_us/en/), APHA (https://www.apha.org/what-is-public-health), CDC Foundation (http://www.cdcfoundation.org/content/what-public-health), Pittsburgh Univ. (http://www.publichealth.pitt.edu/careers/what-is-public-health), APACPH (Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health, http://www.apacph.org/wp/) / MDGs (http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/), SDGs (http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/) / WHO constitution (http://www.who.int/governance/eb/who_constitution_en.pdf) and CPH content outline (https://www.nbphe.org/documents/CPH_Content_Outline_April_2014.pdf).
  2. [18 April 2019] Alma-Ata declaration for primary health care (Recent actions for PHC: Primary Health Care (PHC) in WHO, Framework on people-centered health services, Framework on integrated, people-centered health services, Strengthening integrated, people-centered health services, Reforming Health Service Delivery for UHC; Global Conference on PHC, 25-26 Oct. 2018 at Astana) and the history of developing health promotion (from Ottawa Charter to Helsinki Statement for Health in All Policies) (1)
  3. [25 April 2019] Alma-Ata declaration for primary health care and the history of developing health promotion (from Ottawa Charter to Nairobi Call to Action - program | Nairobi call to action - statement | Helsinki Statement for Health in All Policies | Videos for Helsinki 2013 | Adelaide Statement on Health in All Policies | 9th global conference on health promotion, Shanghai 2016 | Promoting health in the SDGs | Shanghai Declaration; Zero draft with comments from member states and NGOs), [Global environmental protection] Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Rio+20 (Videos)
  4. [9 May 2019] From "world health" and "international health" to "global health" and "planetary health" concepts: Healthy People 2020 (USA) [Global Health], Global Health Council, CDC - Global Health, World Health Report 2007: A Safer Future (WHO), Planetary Health Campaign (Rockfeller Foundation) (Commission paper and comments with infographics in Lancet), Planetary Health Alliance.
  5. [16 May 2019] International Health Regulations, 2005 revision (2005, WHO [Third Edition]), IHR (2005) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework: Joint External Evaluation tool (JEE tool) (2016, WHO), Presentation for overviewing IHR (PAHO), Related papers in pdf: Katz R and , 2010, Voyles J, et al., 2014, Standley CJ, et al., 2015. WHO (2017) A strategic framework for emergency preparedness. Actual PHEIC cases: Ebola 2016, MERS-CoV 2013, Zika 2016-. WHO (2015) Handbook for the Management of Public Health Events in Air Transport: Updated with information on Ebola virus disease and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. (18 July 2019) WHO declared PHEIC on Ebola outbreak at DRC!! WHO, BBC News before PHEIC
  6. [23 May 2019] "SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH: THE SOLID FACTS" (cf. Japanese translation in Tokyo Medical and Dental University), Commission on Social Determinants of Health - Final Report by WHO Europe, Interview video with Sir Marmot, [World Conference on Social Determinants of Health] Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health 2011, Case studies on social determinants of health, Social determinants approach to public health (pdf, 222pp), WHO publications on social determinants of health, [WHO Kobe Center's Japanese Translation page]
  7. [30 May 2019] Trends and recent topics in world health situation: Using "World Health Statistics" (Presentation given by HH in 2017 for MCH referring Video material from James Lind Institute, cf. Community IMCI; WHO IMCI page; WHO's publication November 2016; WHO IMCI in the community; Kangaroo Mother Care; WHO's Kangaroo Mother Care guide), (Top, [2019], [2017], [2016], Data visualizations dashboard). International Classification of Diseases: Announcement of ICD-11 release (Movie on YouTube), Q and A (Movie on YouTube), Contents of ICD-11 is browsable from here. WHO's official portal page is http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/, or https://icd.who.int/. Reference Guide is also available. Global Burden of Diseases, Causes of death visualization, Health related SDGs
  8. [6 June 2019] Urban slum problem in developing countries (handout) (cf. An e-learning materials provided by UCB is useful, Hidden Cities, Global Report on Urban Health, Urban HEART, Measuring the age-friendliness of cities, Urban Health Index tool kit, Kobe Call to Action, Healthy Urban Planning, Riley LW, et al. (2007) Slum health: Diseases of neglected populations. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 7: 2., Urban as a determinant of health, , UNU: Slam health is not urban health - The Lancet series of the health of people who live in slums)
  9. [13 June 2019] post-MDGs (Beyond2015, World we want 2015, Sustainable Development Goals [SDGs]) (handout, Sustainable Development Goals, Rio+20 | Discussion on UN Web TV | Explanation in Japanese), About the UN secretary-general statement on MDGs in 2008, Tracking Universal Health Coverage: First Global Monitoring Report
  10. [20 June 2019] Comparison of world health systems: (assignment for several countries, overview)
  11. [27 June 2019] Community Nutritional Assessment (1): Anthropometry, Bio-monitoring, Dietary Intake Research (cf. Overview of community nutritional assessment, References, WHO's child growth standards [WHO Anthro software], Norgan's paper on the different relationships between body composotion and BMI by ethnic group (UNU), Fat mass estimation equations by skinfold thickness, Reilly JJ et al., 1995, FAO's Dietary Diversity, FDSK-11, NHANES FFQ, BDHQ (habitual diet assessment tool in Japan), ASA24 (24 hours dietary recall), Nutrition Surveys and Calculations)
  12. [4 July 2019] Community Nutritional Assessment (2): Physical Activity Research (handout, DAPA Measurement Toolkit > Physical Activity Assessment, iPAQ [Japanese version], RAPA, MRC physical activity, EPAQ2 available, Review paper to compare the methods)
  13. [11 July 2019] Occupational health in international context (handout, Declaration on Occupational Health for All, WHO, 1994, WHO Global strategy on occupational health for all: The way to health at work, pdf of WHO/OCH/95.1, Declaration on workers health, WHO, 2006, 5 keys to healthy workplaces, Healthy workplaces: WHO global model for action, Healthy workplaces: a model for action --- For employers, workers, policy-makers and practitioners [Presentation resource], WHO Global Plan of Action on Worker's Health (2008-2017): Baseline for Implementation)
  14. [18 July 2019] Humanitarian Standards (UN's "Deliver Humanitarian Aid", UNOCHA, This is OCHA 2015, Status Report) / The Sphere Project (Sphere Handbook 2011 in English, Sphere3: The Humanitarian Charter {Introducing video in YouTube}, 4 days technical training course by InterWorks, Sphere 2020: Strategic plan 2015-2020) / Videos in YouTube (The Sphere Story I, The Sphere Story II, The Sphere Story III) / Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS) (Core Humanitarian Standard, CORE Humanitarian Competency Framework, Introduction to the Core Humanitarian Competency Framework: movie in YouTube)
  15. [25 July 2019] Global Immunization Vision and Strategies / Global Vaccine Action Plan (As basic background knowledge of infection and immunity is needed. I recommend Open University's course on Infection and Immunity, of which Kindle text is freely available)

2-2. Plan of practice at the second semester

The topics listed below are the common theme: reviewing the theme itself or selecting any specific subject in the theme and doing presentation will be done by all participants, followed by discussion.

This class will be done on Thursday, 9:00-12:00 at GSICS Bldg. 5, Room 206.

  1. Orientation (3 Oct. 2019)
  2. Sustainable Development Goals (10 Oct. 2019)
  3. Poverty and Health Equity (17 Oct. 2019) see, this pdf
  4. One Health and Planetary Health (24 Oct. 2019)
  5. Urban health (including slum) (See, A paper in Frontiers of Earth Science, 2013) (31 Oct. 2019)
  6. Disaster and Health / Humanitarian Standards (7 Nov. 2019) (see, Preparedness and risk management in health emergencies (WHO), Bayntun C, et al.: "Developing a health system approach to disaster management: A qualitative analysis of the core literature to complement the WHO Toolkit for assessing health-system capacity for crisis management" PLoS Curr. 2012 August 22; 4: e5028b6037259a. Published online 2012 August 22. doi: 10.1371/5028b6037259a)
  7. Innovations and health (14 Nov. 2019)
  8. Neglected Tropical Diseases (21 Nov. 2019) (WHO | The 17 neglected tropical diseases)
  9. Non-communicable diseases in developing countries (28 Nov. 2019)
  10. Reproductive Health and Rights / Maternal and Child Health (5 Dec. 2019) (incl. Long-term environmental effect on children [example: JECS] and Lifecourse approaches as the current focuses, THE GLOBAL STRATEGY FOR WOMEN'S, CHILDREN'S AND ADOLESCENTS' HEALTH (2016-2030), WHO recommendations on health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health 2015) (see, handout; Singh S et al. "Unintended pregnancy: Worldwide levels, trends and outcomes." Studies in Family Planning, 41: 241-250, 2010.)
  11. Nutrition intake and balance (including both deficiency and excess) (12 Dec. 2019) (See, Series on maternal and child nutrition in 2013 June's Lancet)
  12. Physical activity (including both nutritional and behavioral aspects) (19 Dec. 2019)
  13. Culture and Health (9 Jan. 2020)
  14. Immunization strategy (16 Jan. 2020) (incl. EPI, GAVI, GIVS, GVAP, etc.)
  15. Occupational health (23 Jan. 2020)

3. Evaluation

Based on presentation, discussion and mini-reports.

4. Notes

Lecture and practice can be separately taken, but it's not recommended.

5. Office hour

For the students of the Graduate School of Health Sciences, Tuesday, 18:00-18:30, at Myodani campus E707. For the students of GSICS, Thusday afternoon at Frontier Building Room 717. Taking appointment is recommended.

6. Message to the students

Done in English. The participants must read some essential papers and reports in English. The students who have any experiences in developing countries are encouraged to learn this class.

7. References

Many resources can be obtained from various web sites linked above. However, if you would like to find a good comprehensive textbook, I can recommend the book below.

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