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Public Health Special Lecture and Practice I, II

Latest update on 4 June 2023

1. Overview

To learn public health in English. MDGs, post-MDGs (SDGs) and global health including IHR (International Health Regulations) are also explained, but the contents shoule be adjusted depending on the previous knowledge of the participants and the ongoing situation of global health issues.

Basically, the lecture is given at the first semester, and the presentation and discussion for the common theme will be done at the second semester, because both of the basic knowledge and the skills of presentation and discussion are necessary as global public health professionals.

This is basically targetted to the graduate students under Prof. Nakazawa's supervision. For Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies (GSICS) students, [1I164] for the first semester and [3I164] for the second semester. For the Graduate School of Health Sciences (GSHS) students, [1K438] (master course) and [1K729] (doctoral course) for the first semester and the combinations of [3K436]+[3K433] (master course) and [3K725]+[3K724] (doctoral course) for the second semester. The students should register all of those, not partly.

2-1. Plan of lecture at the first semester 2023

The plan listed below only means the topics to be lectured. Some topics may take more than 2 hours, others less than 1 hour.

This class will be done on Thursday, 9:00-12:10 at GSICS buliding room 206 and/or online using Zoom. Access information is given at BEEF+.

  1. [13 April] "What is health?" paper, WHO (Constitution). "What is public health?" CePH (https://ceph.org/), APHA (https://www.apha.org/what-is-public-health), CDC Foundation (http://www.cdcfoundation.org/content/what-public-health), Pittsburgh Univ. (https://www.publichealth.pitt.edu/careers/what-is-public-health), APACPH (Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health, http://www.apacph.org/wp/), Yale University (100 years anniversary at Yale Univ. for Prof. Winslow
  2. [20 April] "Primary Health Care" and "Health Promotion" Alma-Ata declaration for primary health care (Recent actions for PHC: Primary Health Care (PHC) in WHO, Framework on integrated, people-centered health services, Reforming Health Service Delivery for UHC; Global Conference on PHC, 25-26 Oct. 2018 at Astana) and the history of developing health promotion (1) (from Ottawa Charter in 1986 to Bangkok Charter in 2005) (1)
  3. [27 April] The history of developing health promotion (2) After the Bangkok Charter: Nairobi Call to Action - program | Nairobi call to action - statement | Helsinki Statement for Health in All Policies | A video introducing "Health in All Policies" | Adelaide Statement on Health in All Policies (Adelaide Statement II on Health in All Policies) | 9th global conference on health promotion, Shanghai 2016 | Promoting health in the SDGs | Shanghai Declaration | 10th Global Conference on Health Promotion, (as Virtual Conference, December 2021) | Geneva Charter for Well-Being, [Global environmental protection] Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Rio+20 (Video Gallery)
  4. [11 May] From "world health" and "international health" to "global health" and "planetary health" concepts
  5. [18 May] International Health Regulations 1969, International Health Regulations, 2005 revision (2005, WHO [Third Edition]), IHR (2005) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework: Joint External Evaluation tool (JEE tool) (2016, WHO), Presentation for overviewing IHR (PAHO), Related papers in pdf: Katz R and , 2010, Voyles J, et al., 2014, Standley CJ, et al., 2015. WHO (2017) A strategic framework for emergency preparedness. Actual PHEIC cases: Ebola 2016, MERS-CoV 2013, Zika 2016-. WHO (2015) Handbook for the Management of Public Health Events in Air Transport: Updated with information on Ebola virus disease and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. (18 July 2019) WHO declared PHEIC on Ebola outbreak at DRC!! WHO, BBC News before PHEIC. PHEIC on COVID-19 (30 January 2020) WHO declared PHEIC for COVID-19 on 30th January 2020 (cf. Time course of COVID-19 at WHO's web site) -- (5 May 2023) WHO declared the transition from PHEIC to long-term management, From emergency response to long-term COVID-19 disease management: sustaining gains made during the COVID-19 pandemic
  6. [25 May] "SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH: THE SOLID FACTS" (cf. Japanese translation in Tokyo Medical and Dental University), Commission on Social Determinants of Health - Final Report by WHO Europe, Interview video with Sir Marmot, [World Conference on Social Determinants of Health] Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health 2011, Case studies on social determinants of health, Social determinants approach to public health (pdf, 222pp), WHO publications on social determinants of health, [WHO Kobe Center's Japanese Translation page]
  7. [1 June (Cancelled)] Trends and recent topics in world health situation: Using "World Health Statistics" (Top, 2023 visual summary, [2023], excess mortality related to covid-19, 2021 visual summary, [2020], [2019], Data visualizations dashboard). International Classification of Diseases: Announcement of ICD-11 release (Movie on YouTube), Q and A (Movie on YouTube), Contents of ICD-11 is browsable from here. WHO's official portal page is https://www.who.int/classifications/classification-of-diseases, or https://icd.who.int/. Reference Guide is also available. Global Burden of Diseases, Causes of death visualization, Health related SDGs
  8. [8 June] Urban slum problem in developing countries (handout)
  9. [15 June] The post-MDGs (Beyond2015, World we want 2015, The World We Want, Sustainable Development Goals [SDGs], given by a doctoral course student)
  10. [22 June] Comparison of world health systems: (assignment for several countries, overview)
  11. [29 June] Community Nutritional Assessment (1): Anthropometry, Bio-monitoring, Dietary Intake Research (cf. Overview of community nutritional assessment, References, WHO's child growth standards [WHO Anthro software], Norgan's paper on the different relationships between body composotion and BMI by ethnic group (UNU), Fat mass estimation equations by skinfold thickness, Reilly JJ et al., 1995, FAO's Dietary Diversity, FDSK-11, NHANES FFQ, BDHQ (habitual diet assessment tool in Japan), ASA24 (24 hours dietary recall), Nutrition Surveys and Calculations)
  12. [6 July] Community Nutritional Assessment (2): Physical Activity Research (handout, DAPA Measurement Toolkit > Physical Activity Assessment, iPAQ [Japanese version], GPAQ [Japanese version, Guide in Japanese], RAPA, MRC physical activity, EPAQ2 available, Review paper to compare the methods, METS reference table in Japan based on the paper [https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17299487/], BMR estimation in Japan)
  13. [13 July] Occupational health in international context (handout, Declaration on Occupational Health for All, WHO, 1994, WHO Global strategy on occupational health for all: The way to health at work, pdf of WHO/OCH/95.1, Healthy workplaces: WHO global model for action, WHO Healthy Workplaces: Framework and Model, Healthy workplaces: a model for action --- For employers, workers, policy-makers and practitioners, WHO Global Plan of Action on Worker's Health (2008-2017): Baseline for Implementation)
  14. [20 July] Doctoral course student's lecture on disaster nursing (by Alfi-san, probably). Disaster and Humanitarian Standards (UN's "Deliver Humanitarian Aid", UNOCHA, Global Humanitarian Overview 2021 (Overview 2022 is already available as pdf file), Annual Report 2020, Global Humanitarian Response Plan COVID-19: Final Progress Report) / The Sphere Project (Sphere Handbook 2011 in English, Sphere Handbook 2018 in English, Sphere3: The Humanitarian Charter {Introducing Handbook 2011 video in YouTube, What's new in Handbook 2018 video}, 4 days technical training course by InterWorks, Sphere 2020: Strategic plan 2015-2020, Sphere strategy 2021-2025, Sphere annual report 2021) / Videos in YouTube (The Sphere Story I, The Sphere Story II, The Sphere Story III) / Core Humanitarian Standard (CHS) (Core Humanitarian Standard, CORE Humanitarian Competency Framework, Introduction to the Core Humanitarian Competency Framework: movie in YouTube)
  15. [27 July] Immunization + Global Immunization Vision and Strategies / Global Vaccine Action Plan (As basic background knowledge of infection and immunity is needed. I recommend Open University's course on Infection and Immunity, of which Kindle text is freely available. "Science in 5: Understanding immunity is also a good source.)

2-2. Plan of practice at the second semester 2023

The topics listed below are the common theme: reviewing the theme itself or selecting any specific subject in the theme and doing presentation will be done by all participants, followed by discussion.

Presentation is normally introducing a published paper, either systematic review and meta-analysis or original research article. If you want, more than 1 paper will be introduced at once. How to make a handout or presentation material is explained at the time of Orientation. Using PubMed or Google Scholar to find a good paper is very important. Even if you have an excellent presentation skill, it's almost impossible to do a good presentation for a poor paper.

This class will be done on Thursday, 9:00-12:10 at GSICS Bldg. 5, Presentation Room at 4th floor. If you have any difficulty to join the face-to-face class, you can join via Zoom (please see BEEF page [3I164] for access information).

  1. Orientation (5 Oct) Explaining overview of this class and showing the process of using PubMed and basic way to prepare the presentation material.
  2. Sustainable Development Goals (12 Oct)
  3. Poverty and Health Equity (19 Oct) see, pdf
  4. One Health and Planetary Health (26 Oct)
  5. Urban health (2 Nov)
  6. Disaster and Health / Humanitarian Standards (9 Nov)
  7. Mental health (16 Nov)
  8. Neglected Tropical Diseases (30 Nov)
  9. Non-communicable diseases in developing countries (7 Dec)
  10. Reproductive Health and Rights / Maternal and Child Health (14 Dec)
  11. Nutrition (1): Intake and Balance (including both deficiency and excess) (21 Dec)
  12. Nutrition (2): Expenditure (Physical activity, including behavioral aspects) (11 Jan)
  13. Culture and Health (18 Jan)
  14. Immunization strategy (incl. EPI, GAVI, GIVS, GVAP, etc.) (25 Jan)
  15. Occupational health (1 Feb)

3. Evaluation

Based on presentation and discussion.

4. Notes

Lecture and practice can be separately taken, but it's not recommended.

5. Office hour

Basically on Tuesday, 18:00-18:30, at Myodani campus E707. Please take the appointment by e-mail in advance.

6. Message to the students

Done in English. The participants must read some essential papers and reports in English. The students who have any experiences in developing countries are encouraged to learn this class.

7. References

Many resources can be obtained from various web sites linked above. However, if you would like to find a good comprehensive textbook, I can recommend the book below.

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